7 Year-End Planning Tips
It is always important at this time of year to review your financial plan to see if there are opportunities to make any beneficial changes. The 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) provides valuable opportunities to consider. Depending on your unique situation, some of the tips listed below might make sense for you and your family.
Maximize your tax-deferred annual contributions
Are you maximizing the contributions allowed for your particular plan (401k, 403b, etc.)? One way to reduce taxable income is by maximizing contributions to your tax-deferred retirement plan(s). The 2019 contribution limits are $19,000 for a 401k or 403b plan, with a $6,000 catch-up contribution available if you are over the age of 50.¹ Keep in mind your 401k and 403b contributions must be deferred from current pay, so check with your employer before year end. Don’t forget about IRAs! You can contribute $6,000 to your IRA in 2019, or $7,000 if you are age 50 or older, through April 15th of the following year.
Maximize your annual gifting
Have you made your annual exclusion gifts yet? During 2019, you may gift up to $15,000 to any individual free of gift or estate tax. A married couple may gift up to $30,000 per beneficiary during the calendar year.² In addition, you may pay directly for qualified educational and medical expenses in any amount without gift tax consequences. This is a great way to indirectly gift additional money to support the people you love.
Use your RMD for charitable giving
Did you know that you can make Qualified Charitable Distributions from your IRA? You may distribute up to $100,000 (per taxpayer)³ of your Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) directly to a charity, avoiding the recognition of this amount as ordinary income. If you have not yet taken your RMD for 2019 and have not satisfied all of your charitable obligations, consider satisfying these obligations with a portion of – or your entire – required distribution amount. These distributions have the benefit of being excluded from your Adjusted Gross Income as long as you are over 70½ years old. It is important to note that charitable commitments may also be satisfied by donating low-basis stock held for more than one year from a taxable account (which allows complete avoidance of taxable gains on the stock for you and the charity). We recommend that you discuss these alternatives with your Mesirow wealth advisor or CPA.
Bunch your charitable contributions
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act increased the standard deduction that individuals and married couples can claim for tax purposes.(footnote 4) This means that it may no longer make sense to itemize deductions for many of those that have done so in the past. If you want to maximize your itemized deductions, you may want to consider “bunching” your charitable deductions this year using a Donor Advised Fund (DAF). When you contribute to a DAF, you receive an income tax deduction for the entire contribution the year in which it was made (regardless of if the funds are used for charitable purposes in the same year). Careful, there are limitations to the amount of charitable deductions one can deduct in any given year so make sure to discuss this with your advisor and CPA to determine what might be appropriate for you.
Convert your Traditional IRA to a Roth IRA
Given the lower marginal tax rates introduced by the TCJA, now may be an advantageous time to convert some pre-tax Traditional IRA money into a Roth IRA. While this would require paying income taxes on that pre-tax amount, it results in a tax-free account going forward. In addition, those who cannot make deductible IRA contributions should consider making a nondeductible contribution to their Traditional pre-tax IRA and converting it to a Roth IRA (“back door” Roth IRA). Be careful though, if you have an existing IRA, you should consult with your wealth advisor and your accountant to determine if a Roth conversion is appropriate. If you have multiple IRA accounts, they are treated as one IRA for tax purposes. Therefore, the conversion would be considered a partial conversion of all IRA assets, not just the newly contributed funds, leading to a partially taxable conversion.
Minimize the tax impact on investment gains
At the end of the year, it may be worthwhile to review the gains recognized from all of your investment accounts to determine whether it makes sense to offset some of these gains with losses. We can help you coordinate this across all of your accounts. When utilizing this strategy, it is imperative that you are aware of the “wash sale rule,” which prevents you from selling one security to recognize the loss and then buying back the same security within 31 days.
Discuss any changes in your life with us
Life is always changing. We upsize and downsize our homes, change jobs, have children or grandchildren, go back to school, become involved with new charitable organizations, adopt healthier lifestyles or struggle with illness, re-focus from child-care to parent-care, and so many more events that contribute to – and sometimes challenge – our lives. Taking the time to talk these changes over with your advisor allows us to revisit your goals, redefine your desired outcome, and ensure that we are taking the necessary steps to achieve your vision.